Category: Find shortest path in 2d array in c

It fans away from the starting node by visiting the next node of the lowest weight and continues to do so until the next node of the lowest weight is the end node. The weights in this example are given by the numbers on the edges between nodes. We choose the lowest cost option, to visit node B at a cost of 2. We then have the following options:. The next lowest cost item is visiting C from X, so we try that and then we are left with the above options, as well as:.

For each destination node that we visit, we note the possible next destinations and the total weight to visit that destination. If a destination is one we have seen before and the weight to visit is lower than it was previously, this new weight will take its place. For example. We continue evaluating until the destination node weight is the lowest total weight of all possible options.

And we can work backwards through this path to get all the nodes on the shortest path from X to Y. Once we have reached our destination, we continue searching until all possible paths are greater than 11; at that point we are certain that the shortest path is We will be using it to find the shortest path between two nodes in a graph. Now we need to implement our algorithm. At our starting node Xwe have the following choice: Visit A next at a cost of 7 Visit B next at a cost of 2 Visit C next at a cost of 3 Visit E next at a cost of 4 We choose the lowest cost option, to visit node B at a cost of 2.

For example Visiting A from X is a cost of 7 But visiting A from X via B is a cost of 5 Therefore we note that the shortest route to X is via B We only need to keep a note of the previous destination node and the total weight to get there.

In this case, we will end up with a note of: The shortest path to Y being via G at a weight of 11 The shortest path to G is via H at a weight of 9 The shortest path to H is via B at weight of 7 The shortest path to B is directly from X at weight of 2 And we can work backwards through this path to get all the nodes on the shortest path from X to Y.

Prev Next.The article presents a simple technique to find the shortest path between two points in a 2D Maze. Similar applications use graphs in such situations but this article shows how this can be done without the headache of graphs. It uses a technique similar to breadth-first search.

The MazeSolver class stores the Maze as a 2D integer array with value '0' for open available nodes and non-zero for closed nodes walls. If a path is to be found, a new 2D integer array is created with the path traced by PathCharacter whose default value is ''.

The class can also trace diagonal paths if it is allowed to do so. Throughout this article, we will use "node" to refer elements of the matrix 2D integer array representing a maze. I assume that reader is familiar with graphs and its terminologies edges, nodes, etc. The general idea behind a breadth-first search algorithm is that we examine a starting node, say A.

Then we examine all the neighbors of A, then we examine all the neighbors of all the neighbors of A, and so on. Naturally, we need to keep a track of all the nodes to assure that no node is processed more than once. This is accomplished by linking a field "status" with all the nodes. The outline of the algorithm is as follows:. A minimum path between two nodes can be found using breadth-first search if we keep track of the origin of each edge i.

This method is used in the class. Yes, the class uses breadth-first search technique without actual implementation of graphs. The only thing is mathematics ; the class uses certain mathematical formulae to access the adjacent nodes of an element node in the matrix maze. Lets see how it is done. First, we assign node numbers to every element of the array starting from 0 to ' RowsXCols -1' in the manner below.

The class, however, doesn't use separate methods for these transformations, they are done directly. To apply the above algorithm, the class uses two integer array; Queue and Origin. A dummy array equivalent to that of maze is used to hold the current status of the respective nodes in the maze. To examine a node's adjacent nodes, we have to examine its left, right, top, bottom and 4 diagonal nodes if diagonals are also to be searched. Lets concentrate on the above picture representing node numbers of array elements.

We'll have the following observations. To access the left node of a current node, the node number decreases by 1. If the current node is referred by iCurrentthen its left node can be accessed as:. Also in this case, we only have to check whether the new node no. We can also access 4 diagonals nodes using similar approach.

find shortest path in 2d array in c

For simplicity of the article, lets only see how our upper-left diagonal is accessed:. Now lets see what is this "do something" in the above code fragments.

Once we get the nodes adjacent to the current node, we have to add them to "Queue" if their status is Ready and change their status to Waiting.By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service. Code Review Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for peer programmer code reviews. It only takes a minute to sign up.

I'm trying to implement Dijkstra's algorithm to find the shortest path from a starting node to the last node of a px by px raw image file e. The raw file acts like a topographical map in that each byte represents an elevation and the distance cost from one node to its adjacent node s is the difference in elevations of the two nodes plus 1 for the energy to move from one node to its neighbor movement can only happen horizontally and vertically.

Also, my goal is to output the shortest path in a raw file and then view it in Photoshop to see if it is being displayed correctly, but have failed completely at this task.

This way you now have named variables that have types. This can solve some problems immediately when you get type conversions that you didn't intend or want and it can help if you are debugging your code in a debugger. This can potentially prevent some subtle bugs, later on when you initialize your distance you are using this value and seeing as distance was storing an array of unsigned int s you want infinity to be the same type.

Compile with -Wconversion and you might see warnings from doing comparisons with signed vs unsigned, take those warnings seriously too. Your comparison class I would make it a struct but that's probably a minor point seems mostly fine, but I would change the comparison to take const references. You also can just return the result directly and skip the if-else block entirely as it's completely redundant.

For all these I would use the newer std::array classes along with a typedef for convenience. The std::array doesn't have some of the pitfalls of the raw arrays, works better with STL algorithms and doesn't cost you any performance hit. You'll see the scope of i is now reduced just to that for loop.

If you try to reuse the loop variable later you will now get a compiler warning or error. I also removed one of the casts, it's fairly dubious to be making 2 casts in a row, if changing this to one cast breaks the code you really need to comment and explain why. In that function you have pointers to primitive data types, just store those types by value. You only really want to go to the extra effort of storing pointers to the data if the data is bigger than a pointer representing that data.

Sign up to join this community. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top. Home Questions Tags Users Unanswered. Shortest path Dijkstra's algorithm Ask Question. Asked 5 years, 4 months ago. Active 2 years, 9 months ago. Viewed 28k times. Could anyone suggest some ideas on how to try to output the shortest path in a raw file or something along similar lines?

Active Oldest Votes. The Overflow Blog. Podcast Programming tutorials can be a real drag. Featured on Meta.The problem is to find shortest distances between every pair of vertices in a given edge weighted directed Graph. Floyd—Warshall algorithm is an algorithm for finding shortest paths in a weighted graph with positive or negative edge weights but with no negative cycles.

A single execution of the algorithm will find the lengths summed weights of the shortest paths between all pairs of vertices. Although it does not return details of the paths themselves, it is possible to reconstruct the paths with simple modifications to the algorithm. If you found any error or any queries related to the above program or any questions or reviewsyou wanna to ask from us ,you may Contact Us through our contact Page or you can also comment below in the comment section.

We will try our best to reach up to you in short interval.

find shortest path in 2d array in c

Thanks for reading the post…. Enter number of vertices : 4. The adjacency matrix is :. P0 is :. P1 is :. P2 is :.

find shortest path in 2d array in c

P3 is :. P3 is the path matrix of the given graph. Process returned 0. Like this:. Leave a Reply Cancel reply.By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service. Code Review Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for peer programmer code reviews. It only takes a minute to sign up. I'm a student and this is one of my assignments.

My professor basically confirmed that my code is correct but all he grades on is if I finished the assignment correctly but not the coding style. I think I did poorly in terms of code style and implementation. I'm very frustrated and would like some guidance on how to improve and think about problems in a better way. Here is a short write-up of things I noticed while reading the code.

Please excuse the missing structure, I might restructure it properly later. Please ask if the reasoning behind points is unclear.

Coding Challenge 51.1: A* Pathfinding Algorithm - Part 1

Instead of build-in arrays use std::array. Then you will not need to pass rowCount and colCount. It is also much safer, because you cannot pass std::array s with wrong sizes.

Don't declare all local variables at the beginning of functions. Declare variables at the point where they are initialized or first used and in the narrowest scope that they are required. For example:. There is no reason to have int max; declared beforehand. It is just more code and risking usage of max before initialization.

Therefore its scope should also be limited to it, making the code more readable, reducing probability of unintended misuse equal names, etc. Move the file name mapdata. This might be beyond your intended scope, because you don't want the file name to change, but hardcoded file names are usually problematic need to recompile just to change some file names.

I think the name mapData is not really saying what the function does readMap or similar seems more appropiate. That is inconsitent. Use a better name like inFile or something.

If you used std::array as I mentioned, then you could create the array in mapData and return it after filling with the file data instead of passing an array pointer from the caller.By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service.

Floyd-Warshall algorithm

The dark mode beta is finally here. Change your preferences any time. Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information. I want to find a shortest path from 0,0 to 6,6 but i don't know how to do it using C. Please help. If you want a more robust and generally faster solution, you could try to convert your maze into a graph vertices and edgesand apply a Dijkstra algorithm on it. But that implies you redo everything you have done so far, and take some time to think about how you are going to build your maze in memory, because it won't simply be a 2D-array of int.

Learn more. Asked 3 years, 10 months ago. Active 2 years, 4 months ago. Viewed 4k times. It is not good to omit type of return value unless you are using too-old compiler.

Try googling "breadth first search c". Maybe Lee algorithm? Tomer Or Dijkstra? I'm almost new in C. Active Oldest Votes. I know, this should be a commend but i do not have enough reputation.

Jan Raufelder Jan Raufelder 2 2 silver badges 14 14 bronze badges.

Dijkstra Algorithm - Finding Shortest Path

Sign up or log in Sign up using Google. Sign up using Facebook. Sign up using Email and Password. Post as a guest Name. Email Required, but never shown. The Overflow Blog. Podcast Programming tutorials can be a real drag. Featured on Meta. Community and Moderator guidelines for escalating issues via new response….

Feedback on Q2 Community Roadmap. Technical site integration observational experiment live on Stack Overflow. Dark Mode Beta - help us root out low-contrast and un-converted bits. Related Hot Network Questions. Question feed. Stack Overflow works best with JavaScript enabled.Given a MxN matrix where each element can either be 0 or 1. We need to find the shortest path between a given source cell to a destination cell. The path can only be created out of a cell if its value is 1. The idea is inspired from Lee algorithm and uses BFS.

It considers all the paths starting from the source and moves ahead one unit in all those paths at the same time which makes sure that the first time when the destination is visited, it is the shortest path.

This article is contributed by Aditya Goel. Please write comments if you find anything incorrect, or you want to share more information about the topic discussed above. Writing code in comment? Please use ide. D'Esopo-Pape Algorithm : Single Source Shortest Path Build a segment tree for N-ary rooted tree Minimum cost to traverse from one index to another in the String Find count of pair of nodes at even distance Minimum number of edges that need to be added to form a triangle Find the minimum spanning tree with alternating colored edges Find all cliques of size K in an undirected graph Shortest path with exactly k edges in a directed and weighted graph Set 2.

Expected time complexity is O MN. For example —. Point dest. Peek.

Subscribe to RSS

Dequeue. Enqueue Adjcell. WriteLine "Shortest Path doesn't exist". Improved By : Chinmay Singhdgr8akkiprinciraj Load Comments.